Particular and Effectual Redemption By Christ

Passover (a type of Christ) was not killed for any uncircumcised, but only for the Israelites, and those that were joined unto them (Exodus 12). Neither were the priests to offer sacrifice for any other. All this was appointed of God to signify, that when the Messiah through the eternal Spirit should offer Himself without spot to God, He should present unto divine justice a satisfaction for the sins of the Israel of God, and none other. Whereas it is objected, that many of the Israelites for whom the Passover was killed, and sacrifices were offered, were unbelievers and perished. I answer; so also the high priest himself might be an unbeliever and perish; yet in his priestly office he was a type of Christ notwithstanding that disparity. So the whole nation of the Israelites separated from the world to be a peculiar people unto God were a type of God’s chosen Israel. Also; when Christ prayed unto His Father that they for whom He laid down His life, might receive the benefit of the same; He expressly affirmed that He prayed only for the elect, and for none other.

“I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou hast given me; for they are thine.”
(John 17:9)

Whereby He sufficiently declared that He did not then present to His Father’s justice a satisfaction for the sins of any other, but only of these. Consider as well that; the highest degree of God’s love to man as set forth by His Son being given, and giving Himself to die for men’s sins, that so He might present to His Father’s justice a satisfaction for their sins.

“I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.” 
(John 10:11)

“As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.”
(John 10:15) 

Also (Romans 8:32, 1st John 3:13, 1st John 4:9, Romans 5:8)

If then we shall say, that Christ in His death presented to His Father’s justice a satisfaction for the sins of all men, we shall be found to extend the highest and choicest love of God as well to hated Esau, as to beloved Jacob; as well to the seed of the serpent, as to the seed of Christ; which doctrine the Scripture will not endure.

J. Spilsbury

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