A Short Study of Matthew 6:14-15
“For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.”
Christ contrasts the way of the religious Jews with the way His disciples are to be in praying, in giving, and in forgiving. The Jews were a vengeful and unforgiving people, especially these Pharisees. In these verses, our Lord is showing the way that forgiven sinners are to be toward others because they themselves have been forgiven of so much by God.
Christ is not setting forgiving others as a condition of being forgiven by God. This cannot be because God’s people are already forgiven in Christ! In Ephesians 1:7 Paul writes, “In Whom we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace.” Forgiveness and remission of sin is all of God’s grace, contingent and conditioned upon nothing done by the sinner, and all through His blood shed on the cross! Paul says that we have it! Though never a condition of forgiveness, those forgiven of their sins by God do forgive others of their trespasses against them.