Esther Study Guide – Esther 9:13 – 10:3
Victory Over Antichrist and Satan
• Why does Esther make the request for the 14th day? (Esther 9:13).
There are still unsaved people in the congregation who have not been judged on the 13th day. Shushan the Palace represents the tares within the congregation of the saints. Remember, the “show church” or the “show assembly” are the group of people who have been mingling with the saints, but were never saved (consider the 5 foolish virgins in Matthew 25).
Why did Esther make the request only for Shushan the Palace, and not for the provinces?
The provinces represent the false church. Those who belong to the false church are not at all in question. They cannot sneak into heaven claiming the blood of Christ, for they were not associated with Christ at any time.
• What does it mean that Haman’s 10 sons be hanged?
Are they not dead already?
Haman represents Satan. The ten sons of Haman represent the complete number of fallen angels.
Yes they are defeated already, but to indicate that their spirits are continually under the curse of God, Esther requested that their bodies be hanged on the same gallows that Haman was hanged (Galatians 3:13).
It will be done! (Esther 9:14)
• On the 14th day the Jews slew 300 of their enemies at Shushan the Palace (Esther 9:15).
This represented that they slew even the last one of their enemies. Even the last one of the unsaved shall be killed before they are resurrected to stand for judgment (Revelation 20:11-15).
Is that number exact? Historically this number is exact. But God put this in the Bible to indicate that it has also a spiritual meaning. The number 3 indicates the purpose of God, and the number 10, or 10 x 10 indicates the completion of whatever is in view.
And again they laid not their hand on the spoil. Why not? Because it is the last day; material goods are worth nothing.
• Who do the other Jews in the King’s provinces represent? (Esther 9:16). They represent the saints who stand in the world.
They “gathered themselves and stood for their lives”. What does that mean? It means that they gathered together and defended themselves using as their only weapon, the Word of God. They had rest from their enemies and slew of their foes 75,000.
Is that number exact? Historically it is an exact number, but it has also a spiritual meaning.
Should not that sequence be reversed? No! this is a spiritual battle, like in Revelation 20:9.
And throughout the provinces they laid not their hands on the spoil. Why not? Because it is the last day.
• Is there a possibility that the Jews in Shushan are different from the Jews in the king’s provinces? (Esther 9:16-18). Not a chance, for the Jews represent all those who have been circumcised in their hearts (Romans 2:28-29).
• What do the unwalled towns represent? (Esther 9:19). They represent those who rest in Christ for their safety and security of eternal life.
What does it mean that they were sending portions to one another? It is an earthly description of feasting and loving one another. When the last day has come we will be feasting and loving one another.
• What does it mean that “Mordecai wrote these things”? (Esther 9:20). He instructed the scribes what to write.
Where did he write it? He wrote it in the Holy Scriptures, particularly in the Old Testament.
Did he send letters to ALL the Jews? Yes. All the saints shall be taught of God (John 6:45).
• Why was this victory kept as a memorial? (Esther 9:21-22). Throughout eternity we shall keep this day as a memorial (Zechariah 14:16-21).
Why was it the day the Jews rested from their enemies? All their enemies are dead.
Why was it a day “which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy”? They left this vale of tears and entered into the Kingdom of heaven.
• What did “the Jews undertake to do as Mordecai had written unto them”? (Esther 9:23)
They did as Christ commanded them how to fight spiritual battles and how to defend themselves against attacks from Satan and Antichrist.
Review: Haman the enemy had cast the lot. But his wicked device was returned upon his own head (Esther 9:24-25)
• “Wherefore they called these days Purim, after the name of Pur”, which means “the lot”. (Esther 9:26)
Who makes the choice when we cast the lot? God makes the choice.
Where is this found in the Bible? Read Joshua 7:14-21 and Acts 1:15-26.
“For all the words of this letter”. Which letter? Historically this refers to the letter that Mordecai wrote unto the Jews about keeping the 14th and the 15th day of the last month as a special memorial.
• What or who did the Jews ordain? (Esther 9:27). They ordained the 14th and the 15th day of the last month as a special memorial.
Why do we read: “The Jews rose up”? The Hebrew word translated “ordained” is actually “rose up”.
It is the Hebrew word with Strong’s Concordance number 06965, further explained at the end of this study.
What is the meaning of “These days being remembered and kept”? What was kept? (Esther 9:28). The feast of Purim was kept.
How long should this memorial last? Historically, two days, the 14th and the 15th day of Adar, which is about March on our calendar. Spiritually it refers to the Feast of Tabernacles (Zechariah 14:16-21).
• What does the second letter contain? (Esther 9:29)
The first letter was written by Mordecai to all the Jews in the Old Testament dispensation. The second letter was written by Mordecai and Esther to all the “Jews” in the New Testament Dispensation.
Why does Esther now get involved in the writing of letters? Because the New Testament saints are involved in the proclamation of the Gospel.
Abihail = “my father is might”
• Did Mordecai send the second letter again unto ALL the Jews? (Esther 9:30). Yes! All the saints shall be taught of God (John 6:45).
What do the 127 provinces represent? They represent the whole world.
Why do we read: “Words of peace and truth”? It is because the message of the Bible is peace and truth.
• Why does the verb “to raise up”, or “to rise up” occur so many times? (Esther 9:31-32). We read in
Esther 9:31-32, To “rise up” these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had “raised up” them, and as they had “raised up” for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry. And the decree of Esther “raised up” these matters of Purim; and it was written in the book.
Why is Esther also contributing to this “rising up” of these days of Purim? Spiritually, the assembly is contributing to hasten the events of the last day, both in a good sense and in a bad sense. When we pray, “Thy Kingdom come”, we are actually asking the Lord to make His Kingdom come speedily.
Why is it that they had “raised up” this memorial for themselves and for their seed? It is because they did proclaim the Gospel into all the world.
• What was the decree of Esther? (Esther 9:32) It was the second letter of both Esther and Mordecai.
What was this book? The Book is the Bible, the Holy Scriptures, the Word of God.
• What does this tribute upon the land represent? (Esther 10:1). It represented a tax upon the unsaved world.
The heathen are being taxed. Is this a voluntary service? (Revelation 22:11) Yes it is being in bondage to Hell.
What do the isles of the sea represent? They represent all the unsaved heathen.
• What does the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia represent? (Esther 10:2) The Word of God, the Holy Scriptures.
Then who do the kings of Media and Persia represent? They represent God.
• Does the last verse speak of election? (Esther 10:3). Mordecai is seeking the welfare of His people.
Who does the multitude of his brethren represent? The elect.
06965 Mwq quwm koom
a primitive root; TWOT-1999; v
AV-(stood, rise, etc…) up 240, arise 211, raise 47, establish 27, stand 27, perform 25, confirm 9, again 5, set 5, stablish 3,
surely 3, continue 3, sure 2, abide 1, accomplish 1, misc 19; 628
1) to rise, arise, stand, rise up, stand up
1a1) to arise
1a2) to arise (hostile sense)
1a3) to arise, become powerful
1a4) to arise, come on the scene
1a5) to stand
1a5a) to maintain oneself
1a5b) to be established, be confirmed
1a5c) to stand, endure
1a5d) to be fixed
1a5e) to be valid
1a5f) to be proven
1a5g) to be fulfilled
1a5h) to persist
1a5i) to be set, be fixed
1b1) to fulfil
1b2) to confirm, ratify, establish, impose
1c) (Polel) to raise up
1d) (Hithpael) to raise oneself, rise up
1e1) to cause to arise, raise
1e2) to raise, set up, erect, build
1e3) to raise up, bring on the scene
1e4) to raise up, rouse, stir up, investigate
1e5) to raise up, constitute
1e6) to cause to stand, set, station, establish
1e7) to make binding
1e8) to carry out, give effect to
1f) (Hophal) to be raised up