Esther Study Guide – Esther 1:13-22

• Remember we are trying to understand a parable, called: “Esther”

What are our limitations when we interpret parables in the Bible?

Not the actual history, but the words in the Bible should be our guide.

The context shall define the spiritual meaning of those words.

• The seven wise men knew the times, (Esther 1:13)

They knew law and judgment.

They always saw the King’s face.

And they sat the first in the Kingdom (Esther 1:14).

Who might these seven wise men represent?

Does it still hold that only God is first? (Read Revelation 1:4)

• All these wise men have glorious names:

Carshena = “illustrious”
Shethar = “a star”
Admatha = “a testimony to them”
Tarshish = “yellow jasper”
Meres = “lofty”
Marsena = “worthy”
Memucan = “dignified”

• What shall WE do unto the queen Vashti? (Esther 1:15-18)

​Who is speaking?

According to the law?​

Which law does God have in view?

Verse 17 literally says: For this “word” of the queen shall come abroad unto all women.

God must divorce national Israel.

Why are the actions of national Israel identified with a works gospel?

Remember: “The word of the queen”.

God cannot allow a works gospel in the place of His sovereign Gospel of grace alone.

• The laws of the Persians and the Medes (Esther 1:19)

God’s plan from before the foundation of the world: The Bible

“It cannot be altered” is literally, “It shall not pass away”

What is the royal commandment?

The Medes are a peculiar people (Isaiah 13:17).

Vashti, those who have a works gospel, may come no more before the King.

Let the King give her royal estate to another that is better than she.

In what way would she be a better person than Vashti?

• What is the spiritual meaning of “all the wives”?? (Esther 1:20)

What is the spiritual meaning of “their husbands??”

What is the spiritual meaning of “the Word of Memucan” (Esther 1:21)

Where did the King send letters to? (Esther 1:22)

What is the meaning of: “To every people after their language?”

What is the spiritual meaning of “that every man should bear rule in his own house”?

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