A Short Study of Psalm 80:1
“Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, Thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; Thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth.”
“Thou that dwellest between the cherubims” is referring to the mercy seat that God ordered to be made in the Tabernacle and Temple of the Old Testament. The mercy seat was where God promised to meet with the priests. In order to be holy and acceptable, the mercy seat had to be sprinkled with blood. Cherubims, angelic creatures, were made to look down on the mercy seat, and God said He would meet His people “from between the two cherubims” (Exodus 25:22).
In the New Testament, Romans 3:25 speaks of Christ as the propitiation for our sins. This word “propitiation” is the mercy seat, the place where sins are put away. Propitiation is the satisfaction of God’s righteous justice for our sins.
A mercy seat is a glorious thing!
This is confidence of the believer. When he feels loaded down with his guilt and sin, there is a place of refuge and relief. It is before God’s throne at the mercy seat. There God meets with penitent sinners, who are trusting in the blood of Christ. I need the mercy seat all throughout every day. Probably speaking of the same thing, the New Testament speaks of the throne of grace believers can freely come to through Christ.
Are you seeking grace, wisdom, forgiveness, or supplication of any kind?
Seek Him that dwells between the cherubims and thank Him for a mercy seat!
(Below is a hymn written by John Newton, #388 in Gadsby’s Hymns).
Approach, my soul, the mercy-seat,
Where Jesus answers prayer:
There humbly fall before His feet,
For none can perish there.
Thy promise is my only plea:
With this I venture nigh;
Thou callest burdened souls to Thee,
And such, O Lord, am I.
Bowed down beneath a load of sin:
By Satan sorely pressed;
By wars without, and fears within,
I come to Thee for rest.
Be Thou my shield and hiding place,
That, sheltered near thy side,
I may my fierce accuser face,
And tell him Thou hast died.
O wondrous love! To bleed and die;
To bear the cross and shame;
That guilty sinners such as I,
Might plead Thy gracious name.
Poor tempest-tossed soul, be still;
My promised grace receive;
I’ll work in thee both power and will;
Thou shalt in Me believe.