The Baptized Churches Of Christ – Definitions

Baptized – As used in the New Testament, it is the full immersion, or dipping, of the body of a professed believer under water as a figure of his death, burial and resurrection in Christ Jesus.

Almost all Eastern Orthodox Catholics today baptize by immersion, but they also baptize infants in lieu of the Jewish rite of circumcision. Hence, they are paedobaptists.

Paedobaptists – Any denomination of the Catholic/Protestant “Church” that either immerse, sprinkle, or pour water on infants’ heads and call this a burial, or “baptism.”

Baptists – Those who immerse (supposed) believers only under water as a figure of the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ and their interest in His salvation.

Congregation – As used in this book, a collection of loyal believers who identify themselves with, bond to, and support a local visible baptized church (ecclesia) of Christ of the predestinarian faith and primitive order.

Sunagogue – In New Testament Israel, “an assemblage of persons, either the “meeting” or the “place” of the meeting: synagogue.
Exposunagogue – To be put out of a membership in the synagogue, hence, an expulsion from a meeting of people.

Church – ekklesia: A Greek city council or ruling assembly for the general body politic of a Greek city-state. In English: an assembly of baptized believers joined together in one place for divine worship and the conduct of general business for a church and congregation of the Lord. It is the ruling assembly of the Kingdom of God on earth.

General Baptists – A group of “Baptists” founded by John Smyth in London following the principles of James Jacobus Arminius (Arminians) that taught that Christ’s atonement was in general, rather than in particular, for all mankind; denied the total inherent depravity and inability of man in salvation, and conditioned election on foreseen faith in the believer.

Particular Baptists – A group of Baptists in London founded by John Spilsbery, who taught that Christ’s death was in particular for those chosen in Christ before the foundation of the world, and that Christ secured their salvation specifically by His substitutionary life and death in His first advent; that divine election was unconditional and based upon God’s everlasting love to His people, and not upon any foreseen works or faith in the believer; and that the final perseverance of the saints was infallibly secured.

Great Awakening – A Holy Spirit initiated and sustained revival of true religion and sound experience in large measure in Europe, England and the American colonies commencing about 1720 and lasting through 1760’s, whereby thousands were effectually called to life and grace, who planted large numbers of churches on the American frontier. The Particular Baptists were recipients of most of these converts, while over 250 Protestant Churches (Episcopal, Congregational, and Presbyterian) embraced believers’ baptism by immersion, and became known as Separate Baptists, to distinguish them from the Particular Baptists, which now began to be called “The Regular Baptists.” Large numbers of these two groups merged in 1787, and 1806, and were recognized by the Philadelphia Association, which published this note in its Minute of that year:


“After a long debate about the utility of adopting a Confession of faith, agreed to receive the Regular Baptists. But to prevent its usurping a tyrannical power over the conscience of any, we do not mean that every person is to be bound in the strict observance of every thing therein contained: yet that it holds forth the essential truths of the gospel, and that the doctrine of salvation by Christ, and free unmerited grace alone, ought to be believed by every Christian, and maintained by every minister of the gospel. And that the terms, Regular and Separate shall be buried in oblivion; and that from henceforth, we shall be known by the name of the UNITED BAPTIST CHURCH OF CHRIST IN Virginia.

N. B. This union respects all the Baptists below the Alleghany, and does not effect those on the Western waters.”

{Since both “Regular”, “Separate”, and “United” Baptists still exist in Virginia and below the Alleghany (sec) at this date (2006), it is obvious that all Baptists did not agree to merge into this union in 1787! – S.C.P.}

“New Light” or Separate Baptists – Those Protestant Churches that seceded from the Episcopal, Congregational, and Presbyterian denominations during the Great Awakening and conformed to the New Testament mode of baptism and church governance.

Regular Baptists – The name of some of the Particular Baptists on the American frontier near churches of the New Light or Separate Baptist settlements. The original Baptists as distinguished from the Protestant, or “Separate Baptists.”

New Divinity – The doctrine of Andrew Fuller in England who adopted from the Catholic theologian, Thomas Aquinas, in his “Summa Theologiae,” and introduced it into the Particular Baptists’ churches he served. The theory taught by this view is that “The death of Christ was sufficient for the salvation of all mankind, but efficient for the elect only. That the atonement of Christ put all mankind, at least where the gospel was preached, in a savable state, where the influence of the gospel could reach them effectually upon the condition of their acceptation of pro-offered “grace”. Those that adopted the New Divinity Theology, became known as “New School” or “Missionary” Baptists. Between 1813-1820, the secret adherents of the New Divinity School of Baptists, in particular William Staughton, (who took up the first collection for William Carey), J.T. Jones, Luther Rice, Henry Smalley, James Manning, etc., formed the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions, which split in 1845 over the question of slavery into the American Baptist Convention and the Southern Baptist Convention. Other New School, or Missionary, groups were also formed which never entered into either national conventions, and some that first went into one or other of them withdrew and formed associations and conventions separate from the original bodies.

New School – Any group of “Baptist” that does not believe that Christ saved His people from their sins in His first advent, and therefore “evangelize” the “world” to convert or save lost souls; any Baptist that gives “offers of salvation” to sinners, and utilize extra-scriptural auxiliaries and practices alien to pre-Fuller Baptists and the New Testament.

Original or Old School – Those Baptists that did not adopt the New Divinity Theology of Andrew Fuller; who remained Predestinarian or Free Grace in doctrine, and did not modify their form of worship to accommodate the innovations of the New School to entertain worshippers. The appellative, “Old School,” was principally given to the northern and eastern wing of the original Particular or Regular Baptists.

Primitive – The designation of Regular and Separate Baptists in the South of the Old School pattern of worship. The “Separate” group of Old School dominate the Southern “Primitives,” whereas the “Regular” or “Particular” group dominate the Northern churches. The appellative “Primitive” is mostly connected to the Southern wing of the Old School Baptists.

Conditionalists or “Limited” Predestinarians – The designation of the greater number of Primitive Baptists and refers to their doctrinal modifications after the 1870’s. During the Progressive Era’s “downgrade” in doctrine among all Baptists groups, the Primitive Baptists amalgamated Arminian and Calvinistic doctrines into a hybrid to produce a form of “Calminianism.” They limit predestination to only “five things” which they claim do not affect the daily lives of members, and hence no predestination at all; tend toward universalism, or Socianism; and embraces Arminianism in the daily salvation “in time”; which “salvation” they teach that God has nothing to do with in this time world, and hence no salvation at all in time.

Predestinarian – A) Any one that embraces the concept of the absolute sovereign rule of God over all creatures, events, and things. B) In particular, anyone in the church and/or congregation of the Lord that adheres to the doctrine of the absolute predestination of God. C) A member of a Predestinarian Old School / Primitive Baptist Church or congregation.

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