A Short Study of 1st Peter 1:18-19
“Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:”
(1 Peter 1:18-19)
What exactly was the cost of REDEMPTION?
Before we can answer this question we need to understand what is meant by the term “REDEMPTION”.
In the original language the word “REDEMPTION”, as well as the root word “REDEEM” means “to redeem or liberate by payment of ransom” or “to buy out of a debt” (Vines Expository Dictionary).
It has reference to the idea of purchasing a slave with a view to his freedom. In order to “redeem” the slave, someone must pay the price required to secure the slaves freedom or liberty. In other words, their debt must be PAID IN FULL.
A partial payment wouldn’t do it!
The slave promising to do things for the slave owner after his release wouldn’t do it either. This applies to the elect sinner in that we were sold into slavery to sin’s guilt, penalty, and condemnation when we fell in our Representative man, ADAM – (See Romans 5:12, Romans 5:17-19; 1 Corinthians 15:21-22).
As the Representative and Federal Head of ALL MEN , ADAM sold us all into the bondage of sin, including the result of sin: SPIRITUAL, MORAL, AND ETERNAL DEATH – “The WAGES of sin is DEATH” (Romans 6:23).
In this dire condition, NO SINNER could do anything to secure their own redemption. Like the slave on the auction block, we were entirely under the control of the one who owned us. Now there is no doubt lost sinners in this condition , i.e., “dead in trespasses and sin”, (Ephesians 2) can do many things to impress other sinners and are even able to convince themselves they are okay before God – “And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.” (Luke 16:15)
But God isn’t impressed or influenced by a sinners attempts to justify or redeem himself – “Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers…” (1 Peter 1:18)
Peter is telling us that our faith, or our morality, or prayers, or promises to improve, or our actually improving CANNOT REDEEM us. But praise God, he didn’t leave us without hope!
He tells us the COST OF REDEMPTION – “But with the PRECIOUS BLOOD OF CHRIST, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:” (1 Peter 1:19)
The payment price required to purchase the eternal salvation of all God’s Elect rested on one thing: “THE PRECIOUS BLOOD OF CHRIST”. Christ offered Himself ONCE at Calvary, and by His perfect life and substitutionary death , Christ perfectly and eternally redeemed all His elect – “but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.” (Hebrews 9:12)
One last thing: not one sinner for whom Christ shed His precious blood will be lost, BECAUSE THEY HAVE BEEN REDEEMED AT THE CROSS and they no longer owe a debt to God’s Holy law and justice.
IS CHRIST YOUR REDEEMER?
By R. Warmack