A Short Study Of Matthew 21:9
“And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.”
The word “Hosanna” means literally, “Save us now,” or, “Save, I beseech thee.” It is a Syriac word, and was the form of acclamation used among the Jews. It was probably used in the celebration of their great festivals. During those festivals they sang the 115th, 116th, 117th, and 118th psalms. In the chanting or singing of those psalms, the Jewish writers inform us, that the people responded frequently “Hallelujah” (praise to Jehovah) or “Hosanna” (praise to Jehovah who saves) because the words were closely related as they both spoke praise to the Lord of salvation or the Lord who saves. Their use of it on this occasion was a joyful acclamation, and an invocation of a Divine blessing by the Messiah. It was an affirmation that Jesus of Nazareth was and is the true Messiah, the one and only Savior of sinners. To do this He had to be both God and man, and as Godman, He had to accomplish the salvation of His people in the only way that salvation before a holy God can be accomplished – through the sacrifice of Himself unto death wherein He established the righteousness that God imputes to His elect. It was by the shedding of His precious blood that “Hosanna” (His Person and ability to save us) was and is established.