A Study Of 2 Samuel 23:5
2 Samuel 23:5
Although my house be not so with God, yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things and sure.
The covenant which the sweet Psalmist of Israel, in his last dying words, has respect unto, is the covenant of grace: founded on grace; filled with the blessings of grace. It is called the covenant of peace (Isaiah 44:10), because a grand article of it is peace and reconciliation with God, by Jesus Christ.
He was sent to be our peace; to make peace for us by the blood of his cross. It is called a covenant of life (Malachi 2:5), because a grand article in this covenant is life, and it secures everlasting life to his people; for this is one grand promise of it, that God hath promised unto us, eternal life (1 John 2:25).
Now this covenant is said to be made with David: made with his son and antitype, the Messiah, our Lord Jesus Christ, who bears his name. I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant (Psalm 89:3).
A covenant projected by God the Father: it was proposed by him to his Son Christ Jesus, who agreed unto it.
A mere creature cannot make a covenant with God; for what has man to give to God, to agree upon with God?
What terms can he propose, or have proposed, that he is capable of performing?
None at all.
When, therefore, God is said to make a covenant with men; the meaning is, he manifests his covenant made with Jesus Christ from all eternity. Therefore, when David says, he hath made with me an everlasting covenant; the meaning is, he hath made it manifest to me, that I have an interest in his everlasting covenant, ordered in all things and sure. This is the meaning of, Hearken unto me, and thou shalt live, and I will make with thee an everlasting covenant (Isaiah 55:3).
Can any suppose, that when one, under the influence of grace, hearkens to God, then God begins to make a covenant with him?
No, the meaning is, God will manifest his covenant love and grace; shew them their interest in the blessings and promises thereof, so that their faith shall lay hold on this covenant, as David did under all those distressing circumstance he was in. Although my house be not so with God, yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant: I clearly see my interest in it, and by faith lay hold upon it, and upon the blessings and promises of it.
By John Gill