“Thou Art My Son”

To whom has God addressed this Epistle to the Hebrews?

This Epistle, or this letter (that is what the word Epistle means, it is a letter) this letter is addressed to the Hebrews.

Who are the Hebrews?

Are they the Jews in Jerusalem?

Are they the blood descendants of Abraham?

If that would be true, then we can forget about this letter that God wrote to those Jews. He did not write it to us! But the fact of the matter is that God did write this letter to us, because we are the descendants of Abraham. God says in Galatians 3:29

Galatians 3:29
And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.

Therefore, this letter to the Hebrews is written to us. And what God says in this letter to us, is awesome. I would summarize it this way:

“God Spoke unto us”

And when God spoke unto us, He did not send some puny insignificant messenger to us with a message from God. O NO! He sent His Son. God says in Hebrews 1:1-5:

Hebrews 1:1
God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,

Hebrews 1:2
Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

Hebrews 1:3
Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

Hebrews 1:4
Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

Hebrews 1:5
For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

Let us pause here. We have enough meat here for five articles. I will go over the first four verses rather lightly, because the subject matter of this sermon is really verse 5. Let me put in my own words what God says in verses 1 and 2:

God spoke to the prophets of the Old Testament at various times and in various ways. God spoke to them in dreams and in visions and in angel visitations and sometimes directly, like with Moses, or with Abraham. But in these last days, in the days after the coming of Christ, God spoke unto us by His Son, the second person of the trinity the Lord Jesus Christ. He is the ultimate Messenger. He is God Himself. And to this the writers (by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit) of the New Testament agree, as we see in John 1:1-3; John 14:25 and 26:

He is the Last Word from God

John 1:1
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

John 1:2
The same was in the beginning with God.

John 1:3
All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

How could anyone improve on the Message that He brought?

No one! The Lord Jesus never wrote down one word. But when He instructed His disciples He said:

John 14:25
These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you.

John 14:26
But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.

God the Holy Spirit brought to their remembrance all things that Jesus has taught them. The Apostles wrote it down and when the last of the Apostles died the Message from God was complete.

How could anyone improve on that Message?

No one! It is complete! The Bible warns “Do not add to the words of the prophecy of this book…” (Revelation 22:18)

· It was God Himself who brought that last message. Jesus Christ is God!

The fact that Jesus is God is so abundant in the Bible, it is amazing there are people that deny that. The Lord Jesus said: “He that hath seen Me hath seen the Father”. (John 14:9) and “I and my Father are one”. (John 10:30)

How could anyone think Jesus is not God?

Then God says in Hebrews 1:3:

Hebrews 1:3
When he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.

· He purged our Sins

What does it mean that He purged our sins?

And when did He purge our sins?

Of course, you understand that Christ did that when He died for us on the cross.

But what exactly does God mean when He says: He purged our sins?

Let us read it the way God says it.

Colossians 1:19
For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell;

Colossians 1:20
And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven.

Colossians 1:21
And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled

Colossians 1:22
In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight:

Here is the Gospel in a nutshell!

1) In this passage (verse 21) we read that WE were in the past “alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works”. This refers to all of us. God says in Ephesians 2:3 that “we all…were by nature the children of wrath, even as others”. This includes everyone, even those whom we call innocent babies. Everyone of the whole human race, already at conception, are enemies of God, and are in need of reconciliation to God. We were all spiritually dead in trespasses and sins; not willing and not able to make peace with God. Only Christ can reconcile us back to God.

2) If we were all at enmity with God, then there is NO ONE, NO NOT ONE who could escape from going to Hell. The Bible says: “There is NONE that seeketh after God”. (Romans 3:10) But here and there we see that some do turn to God, earnestly seeking God.

How did that happen?

The Bible says that God changes the hearts and minds of those people so that they do earnestly seek for Him. So it is God who has to decide which people are earnestly going to seek for Him. Not of their own will, but because God gave them the desire to seek for Him. It is God who must choose who, of all mankind, is going to be saved from going to Hell.

3) Those of us who are going to be saved must first have our sins washed away. Only then can we be reconciled to God. But that is a painful process. God’s Law demands that the penalty has to be paid. It means that someone has to be our Substitute in paying the penalty for our sins. That person must be a sinless person, who would take our place voluntarily, and suffer in our place the equivalent of an eternity in Hell for all our sins, all our sins, not one excepted. Only then can we be reconciled to God. That is exactly what the Lord Jesus Christ did. We read in Colossians 1:21-22:

Colossians 1:21
And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled

Colossians 1:22
In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight:

Christ, the sinless one, God in the flesh, has taken upon Himself all the sins of all those whom He came to save, and paid for them the equivalent of an eternity in Hell. That is how He purged our sins, almost two thousand years ago.

4) WE were born in this century and we were born as enemies of God. But because Christ had died for us on the cross, God committed Himself to give us a new heart and a new mind. This is done by the Holy Spirit at some point in our life. That is how Christ “presents us holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight”. Only then are we finally reconciled to God.

5) Christ purchased not only our souls, but He also purchased the right to reign over this world and to reign in our lives as He pleases, and to destroy this world on the Last Day and to replace it with a New Heaven and a New Earth where only righteousness dwells. We do not know what that New Heaven and New Earth is, it is something glorious. That is why God says in Colossians 1:20:

Colossians 1:20
And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, (I say,) whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven.

Here, Christ has become King of kings and Lord of lords.

· Christ’s Work of Redemption is Finished

This is confirmed in Hebrews 1:3:

Hebrews 1:3
Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

Hebrews 1:4
Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

God spoke to us by His Son. We read here that the Lord Jesus Christ, when He had purged our sins on the cross of Calvary and when He rose from the grave, He ascended into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. His work was finished. Now He reigns as King of kings and Lord of lords. Unquestionably He is better than the angels; the angels are created beings. Now we have arrived at verse 5:

Hebrews 1:5
For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

At what point in time did God say: “Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee?”

Was it when He was born as a little baby in Bethlehem?

No, not really! This quotation from the Old Testament is found in two places in the New Testament. We find in Acts 13:30-33:

Acts 13:30
But God raised him from the dead:

Acts 13:31
And he was seen many days of them which came up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are his witnesses unto the people.

Acts 13:32
And we declare unto you glad tidings, how that the promise which was made unto the fathers,

Acts 13:33
God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.

The context here in Acts 13 clearly shows that the Day God is speaking about, is the Day of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus from the grave. Now, it is significant that God quotes these words from the Old Testament twice in the New Testament. Here in Acts 13 and in Hebrews 1:5. Even if we found it only once in the New Testament, God put it there for us as a hint to go to the Old Testament and reinterpret the Old Testament with the new information from the New Testament. God says in Hebrews 1:5:

Hebrews 1:5
For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee?

This quote is found in Psalm 2:7, which is a Psalm of David.

Psalm 2:7
I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.

Who is David talking about?

It is not important who David was thinking about. Now we know that it was God speaking through David about the Lord Jesus Christ. In fact, this entire Psalm is:

A Call to Worship (Psalm 2)

It is a good thing to go through this whole Psalm. It is a command to all the people of the world to come and worship the Lord Jesus Christ. It is like the command: “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ”.

Who will obey the command?

Only those who have received a new heart from God the Holy Spirit. Nobody else will. They are all in rebellion against God. Let us read this whole Psalm. In the first three verses we see:

· The kingdom of Satan (Psalm 2:1-3)

Psalm 2:1
Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?

Psalm 2:2
The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

Psalm 2:3
Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.

What you see here is people who are in rebellion against God. Now when you go throughout history, natural man is incurably religious. You would think it is the opposite, but NO! They have invented all kinds of idols to worship. But they refuse to worship the God of the Bible, because the Gospel of the Bible is repugnant to the natural man. They do not like a God who is total control of everything. They do not like a God who is omnipotent and omniscient, who knows the end from the beginning. They would rather worship a god who is brought down to their own size. But God is not mocked! God has created man for the purpose of worshipping Him and Him alone. What is the response of God? The response of God is the next two verses:

· The Wrath of God (Psalm 2:4-5)

Psalm 2:4
He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision.

Psalm 2:5
Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure.

This does not mean that God laughs because He has a sense of humor. The situation is far too serious. God does not laugh at this dreadful situation whereby people are condemned to an eternal Hell. But, “God is angry with the wicked every day”, because their denial of God is so ridiculous, and God mocks them in His anger. In contrast the next three verses show us:

· The Kingdom of Christ (Psalm 2:6-8)

Psalm 2:6
Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.

Psalm 2:7
I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.

Psalm 2:8
Ask of me, and I shall give (thee) the heathen (for) thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth (for) thy possession.

Even though the peoples of the earth do not want to worship the God of the Bible, God accomplishes His goal and sets up His Kingdom.

Where?

In Zion: The place where God resides.

Hebrews 12:22
But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,

Where is Zion?

The place where God resides is in the hearts and souls of those who truly have become saved by the immeasurable Grace of God. That is the Kingdom of Christ here on earth. That is the city of the living God. There Christ is King, because He suffered for us and He died for us and He rose again from the grave. “Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee”. Now, verse 8 actually makes much more sense if we leave out those three words that were inserted by the KJV translators, and which are indicated in italics:

Psalm 2:8
Ask of me, and I shall give the heathen thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth thy possession.

If I may paraphrase, God the Father says to Christ: Ask of me, and I shall give the heathen thine inheritance, I shall give those heathen whom You have purchased on the cross, Your inheritance, so that they become joint-heirs with Christ. And that is exactly what the Bible says. Therefore give the people of the earth this warning:

· The Warning (Psalm 2:9-10)

Psalm 2:9
Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel.

Psalm 2:10
Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth.

Who is God referring to in verse 9?

God says to Christ: “Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron”. That sounds like Judgment Day! That is indeed true.

Who are them?

They are the same people whom God refers to in verse 5:

Psalm 2:5
Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure.

“God is angry with the wicked every day”. Therefore, God gives this admonishment to those who will hear: “Be wise now therefore, O ye kings”.

Who are the “kings” God is addressing?

When we become saved, Christ makes us “kings and priests unto God and His Father”. (Revelation 1:6) God gives us a Call to Worship Christ: “Be wise now therefore, O ye kings”. The only ones who are listening to God’s Call are those for whom Christ died on the cross.

How shall we be wise?

How shall we be instructed?

The Bible says: “The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom”

· A Call to Serve the Lord (Psalm 2:11-12)

Psalm 2:11
Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling.

Psalm 2:12
Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.

These verses express God’s concern for us, is that we remain on the right track. God wants to be served. God wants to be feared. God wants to be worshipped. And all that is for our own good. But then there is the promise of belonging to the blessed people of God: “Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.” (end of verse 12) People are not loners by nature. We all have a desire to belong. And most of all, we believers have a desire to belong to the Lord Jesus Christ.

Now, we have gone through Hebrews 1:1-5 and we have gone through Psalm 2:1-12.

And, what do you do with all that knowledge?

Remember our starting point. God said: “Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee?”

God said that to the Lord Jesus Christ when He rose from the grave. The Bible says: We died with Christ, we were buried with Christ, we were raised with Christ. In essence God said to us also: “Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee?”

When does God say that to us?

On the day that we became born again! On the day that we receive our resurrected souls. We are not God’s only begotten Son. But through the work of the Lord Jesus Christ we became God’s adopted sons. Through the work of the Lord Jesus Christ we became:

Joint-Heirs with Christ (Romans 8:17)

Romans 8:17
And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.

Is that really so?

Is it really true that God said “Thou art my Son”?

Let’s put that to the test!

· Our life must reflect it!

But remember: If you do the best you can, that is not good enough. It is the grace of God that has to work in your life.

Does it show in our life that we belong to Jesus?

Has there been a change in our life?

Is our life still the same as what it was last year, or five years ago?

Does it show in our life that we are inheritors of the New Heaven and the New Earth?

Is there a fervent desire in our life to do the Lord’s will?

Do we know what God’s will is?

Do we know what is pleasing in His sight?

Of course, we do know that!

Then, what is holding us back?

Or is it just dumb pride?

· Serve the Lord with fear

How do we serve the Lord?

Do we make up a TO DO List?

Is that how we serve the Lord?

By checking off a list?

Of course not! That is what the Pharisees did. The best we do is not good enough. We became sons entirely by Grace! It was a free Gift! So do not come up with a list. Therefore we serve Christ out of Gratitude. Our service is also given to us as a free gift.

How grateful are we?

Just think of it: The children of Israel were slaves in Egypt.

How does a slave escape?

He does not escape! It is impossible to walk away from Egypt. And yet, they DID walk out of Egypt, FREELY! It was a free gift! Now that was just an analogy! We were willing slaves of Sin and Satan.

What did it take for us to be made free from Sin and Satan?

What does the Bible say?

This is the covenant that He made up before the foundation of the world.

1) God the Father chose us from before the foundation of the world, that we were to be the privileged people who were going to be the Bride of Christ.

2) God the Son had to empty Himself of His glory, and come down to this sin cursed earth, and be our Substitute in paying for our sins the equivalent of an eternity in Hell.

3) God the Holy Spirit had to arrange the affairs of this world in such a way that we would hear the Gospel, and He gave us a new soul so that we became saved, born again, and He guides us through this sin cursed earth in such a way that we become the instruments of God to achieve His goals.

That, in a nutshell is the Covenant. What an incredible mercy and grace of God. The Triune God Himself is coming to our aid, against the Devil and his angels.

Are we grateful for such a great deliverance?

Do we serve Him with fear?

Does it show?

If we truly are a child of God, it will show! And what a joy to know, that we are a child of God. What a joy to know that God says to us: “Thou art my Son”

· Rejoice with trembling (Philippians 2:12-13)

How do we rejoice with trembling?

Philippians 2:12
Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.

Philippians 2:13
For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

Rejoice, but with trembling, lest we forget! “For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.” And the last three words, we read in Psalm 2:12

· Trust in Him

That sounds like a command. Yes, it is a command, but it is so easy to forget that this is a Gift from God. It is so easy to have our trust come and go. But it does not depend on our trusting or on our trustworthiness. The best you do is not good enough. It depends on God. He is dependable. He paid for our sins. Our future does not depend on us. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.

By Alfred Chompff

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